The Arizona Republic:
...when state Department of Public Safety officers served 37 unpaid
photo-enforcement tickets to Vontesmar recently, he wasn't fazed.

The photos all show the driver wearing a monkey mask.

"Not one of them there is a picture where you can identify the driver,"
Vontesmar said. "The ball's in their court...

- Ref from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/09/08/monkeymasked-driver-avoid_n_279507.html

2800.2, 2800.3  Evading peace officer/reckless driving 
14601, 14601a,14601 b, 14601.1- 14601.4  Driving while suspended/revoked

14601.5  Driving, suspended/revoked for refusing test

20001, 20001a 20002, 20002a, 20002b  Hit and run/injury/property damage 
21651b  Driving wrong side/divided highway 
22348b  Speed over 100 MPH

23103, 23103a,23103 b  Reckless driving

23104, 23104a  Reckless driving/causing bodily injury

23109a, 23109c  Speed contest /exhibition of speed

23140, 23140a, 23140b  Minor driving with BAC of 0.05% or more

23152, 23152a-d  DUI/alcoholic beverage or drugs

23153, 23153a-d  DUI/causing bodily injury or death

31602, 31602a, 31602b, 31602c  Explosives transportation

2800  Disobedience to traffic officer

2800.1  Evading peace officer

2801  Disobedience to fire official

2803, 2803a, 2803b, 2803c  Unsafe vehicle load

2815  Disregarding non-student crossing guard

2816  Youth bus/children crossing highway

2817  Disregarding funeral escort officer

2818  Crossing safety flares/cones

14603  Violation of license restrictions

21100.3  Disregarding traffic officer's directions

21209, 21209a  Driving in bicycle lane

21367, 21367a, 21367b, 21367c  Disobedience to traffic signs/controller

21451, 21451a, 21451b  Illegal movement/green light/arrow

21452, 21452a  Illegal movement/yellow light/arrow

21453, 21453a, 21453b, 21453c  Illegal movement/red/light/arrow

21454, 21454a - d, 21455   Traffic signals

21457, 21457a, 21457b  Disobedience to flashing signals

21460a, 21460b  Double lines/one broken line

21460.5c  Use of two-way left turn lane

21461, 21461a, 21462  Disobedience to traffic control device

21650, 21650a - f  Keep right

21651, 21651a  Crossing divided highway

21652  Entering highway from service road

21654, 21654a, 21654b, 21655, 21655b  Lane use/slow moving vehicle

21655.8  High-occupancy vehicle lane/entering/exiting

21656 - 21662, 21662a, 21662b  Improper lane use

21663  Driving on sidewalk

21664  Freeway ramp/entering/exiting

21700 Load obstructing driver's view

21701  Interfering with driver's control of vehicle

21702, 21702a, 21702b  Driving hours limitation

21703, 21704, 21704a, 21705, 21706  Following too closely

21707  Driving in fire area

21709  Driving in safety zone

21711  Towed vehicle swerving

21712, 21712a, 21712d, 21712f, 21715, 21715a, 21715b  Unlawful riding/towing

21717  Turning across bicycle lane

21750 - 21757, 21758, 21759  Illegal passing

21800 - 21804, 21804a, 21804b  Right-of-way

21805, 21805b  Yielding right-of-way to horseback rider

21806, 21806a  Yielding right-of-way to emergency vehicle

21807  Unsafe operation of emergency vehicle

21950, 21950a, 21951, 21952  Yielding right-of-way to pedestrian

21954, 21954b  Due care for pedestrian on roadway

21960a  Prohibited use of freeway

21963  Yielding right-of-way to blind pedestrian

22100 - 22105  Turning and U-turns

22106  Unsafe starting/backing of vehicle

22107 - 22111, 22111a, 22111b, 22111c  Signaling turns and stops

22112, 22112a  School bus signaling

22348, 22348a, 22348c  Speed/use of designated lanes

22349, 22349.5  Maximum speed

22350, 22351, 22352, 22352a, 22352b  Basic/prima facie speed limit

22354, 22355  Exceeding posted/freeway speed limit

22356, 22356b Maximum speed 70 mph

22357, 22358.4  Speed in excess of local limits

22359, 22360, 22361 Speed in excess of local limits

22362  Speed/construction zone

22363  Restricted speed/weather conditions

22364  Speed/traffic lanes

22400, 22400a, 22400b  Driving too slow

22405, 22405a  Speed/bridge/tunnel

22406, 22407  Maximum designated vehicle speed

22409, 22410  Speed/solid/metal tires

22413  Speed limit on grades

22450, 22451, 22452, 22452a, 22452b  Stop required/railroad crossing

22454  Stop for school bus

23109, 23109b, 23109d  Speed contest/aiding or abetting

23116, 23116a  Transporting person in truck load space

23127  Driving on trails and paths

23220  Drinking while driving

23222, 23222a, 23222b  Marijuana or open container/driving

23235  Ignition interlock verification

23244, 23244b  Defeating ignition interlock device

23253  Disobedience to toll highway officer

23270, 23270a  Unauthorized towing

23330, 23330c  Width/load of vehicle at crossing

23336  Disobedience to sign/vehicle crossing

24002, 24002a, 24002b  Unsafe/unlawfully equipped vehicle

24004  Operation after notice by officer

24250  Lighting equipment

24409, 24409a, 24409b  Failure to dim lights

24604  Lamps/flag for extended load

25103, 25103a, 25103b  Lamps on projecting load

26301, 26302, 26302a, 26302b, 26302c  Brakes

26303, 26304, 26304a, 26304b  Brakes/combination vehicles

26307  Forklift truck brakes

26311, 26311a, 26311b, 26311c  All wheel service brakes

26456, 26457  Brakes/stopping distance

26458, 26458a, 26458.5  Braking system/towing vehicles

26502a  Adjustment/use of air brakes

26503 - 26506, 26506a, 26507  Airbrake system

26508, 26508a - c, 26508e - k, 26508o  Emergency stopping system

26520, 26521, 26522  Vacuum brakes

27360, 27360a - c, 27360.5, 27360a - c  Child Passenger restraint

27363, 27363b  Child seat belt

27800, 27801, 27801a, 27801b  Motorcycle/passengers and equipment

29001, 29002  Fifth wheel connecting/locking device

29003a, 29003b, 29003c  Hitch and coupling device

29004, 29004a - c, 29006, 29006a  Towed vehicle coupling

29201  Pole dolly/load and length

31301, 31301a  Caldecott tunnel restrictions

31303, 31303b, 31303c, 31303e  Hazardous waste transportation

31402  Farm labor vehicle/unsafe operation

31540, 31504b  Removable containers/regulations

31614, 31614a, 3164b, 31614d - f 31614h, 31614i  Explosives transportation

32104, 32104a, 32104b, 32105, 32105a, 32105c-e  Inhalation hazard transportation

32106, 32106a - d  Inhalation hazard transportation 
34102  Tank vehicle regulations

34501.2, 34501a, 34501c  Driving hours limitations

34506, 34506a - g  Driving hours, equipment, maintenance, operation

34506.3  Safety regulation violation

34509, 34509c, 34509d  Vanpool vehicle maintenance inspection

35784, 35784a, 35784b  Violation of special permit

35784.5, 35784a, 35784b  Extralegal load/weight

36400  Lift-carrier/speed

36705  Bale wagon load width during darkness

-Ref: www.dmv.ca.gov
Based on Insurance.com's analysis, here's how much common infractions will impact your rates, on average:

1. Reckless driving: 22 percent
2. DUI first offense:  19 percent
3. Driving without a license or permit:  18 percent
4. Careless driving:  16 percent
5. Speeding 30 mph over the limit: 15 percent
6. Failure to stop:  15 percent
7. Improper turn:  14 percent
8. Improper passing:  14 percent
9. Following too close/tailgating: 13 percent
10. Speeding 15 to 29 mph over limit: 12 percent
11. Speeding 1 to 14 mph over limit: 11 percent
12. Failure to yield: 9 percent
13. No car insurance: 6 percent
14. Seat belt infractions: 3 percent

Ref from Foxbusiness.com
Here's a practical application for your physics education: using math to successfully beat a traffic ticket in court. Dmitri Krioukov, a physicist based at the University of California San Diego, did just that to avoid paying a fee
for (purportedly) running a stop sign.

Krioukov not only proved his innocence, but he also posted a paper detailing his argument online on the arXiv server. The succinct abstract for his paper certainly distinguishes itself from other research papers:

"A way to fight your traffic tickets. The paper was awarded a special prize of $400 that the author did not have to pay to the state of California."

After thinking Krioukov ran through a stop sign, a nearby police officer pulled him over and issued him a citation. According to Krioukov's paper, however, three physical phenomena combined at just the right time and misled the officer.

When Krioukov drove toward the stop sign the police officer was approximating Krioukov's angular velocity instead of his linear velocity. This happens when we try to estimate the speed of a passing object, and the effect is more pronounced for faster objects.

Trains, for instance, appear to be moving very slowly when they are far away, but they speed past when they finally reach us. Despite these two different observations at different distances, the train maintains a
roughly constant velocity throughout its trip.

In Krioukov's case, the police cruiser was situated about 100 feet away from a perpendicular intersection with a stop sign. Consequently, a car approaching the intersection with constant linear velocity will rapidly increase in angular velocity from the police officer's perspective.

Similarly, if a car approaches the stop sign with constant velocity but brakes quickly before reaching the sign, the
angular velocity will rapidly increase before stopping momentarily. To illustrate this point, Krioukov created two graphs: one for the case of constant linear velocity through a stop sign (illegal) and another for a quick stop at
the sign before accelerating back up to speed (legal).

If you look at the graph on the right, you'll notice three lines with different colors, and each line corresponds to a
different deceleration at the stop sign. The blue line with the biggest spikes represents a 10 m/s^2 deceleration -- about the highest deceleration for the kind of car he was driving.

This line mimics what actually happened best according to Krioukov because he had a terrible cold that day, and one sneaky sneeze caused him to slam on the brakes hard as he approached the stop sign.

The crux of Krioukov's argument is that this rapid, legal deceleration can appear very similar to the case descriped in the graph on the left. But the left graph actually represents a car cruising through the stop sign at a constant velocity exceeding 20 miles per hour. So surely an officer would still be able to tell the difference, right?

Not when another car partially obstructs his view, according to Krioukov. When another car partially blocked the officer's view of Krioukov's car momentarily, the officer could have missed the brief yet crucial timing of his stop. At least, that's Krioukov's version of the case.

Either way, his argument appeared to work: "The judge was convinced, and the officer was convinced as well," Krioukov told PhysicsCentral.

This physical description swayed the judge, or maybe he was simply impressed by the sheer dedication Krioukov put into avoiding this ticket.

You can peruse the paper here if you want to devise your own plan to get out of traffic tickets. Leniency in court, however, is not nearly as reliable as mathematical proofs.

Now, Krioukov has a challenge for our readers: "I want to ask the readership to please find the flaw in the argument."

 Posted by Hyperspace-www.physicscentral.com
VC Section 40902 Trial by Written Declaration

(a) (1) The court , pursuant to this section, shall, by rule, provide that the defendant may elect to have a trial by written declaration upon any alleged infraction, as charged by the citing officer, involving a violation of this code or any local ordinance adopted pursuant to this code, other than an infraction cited pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 23152) of Chapter 12 of Division 11.

(2) The Judicial Council may adopt rules and forms governing trials by declaration in accordance with this section. Any rule or form adopted by the Judicial Council pursuant to this paragraph shall supersede any local rule of a court adopted pursuant to paragraph (1).

(b) If the defendant elects to have a trial by written declaration, the defendant shall, at the time of submitting that declaration, submit bail in the amount established in the uniform traffic penalty schedule pursuant to Section 40310. If the defendant is found not guilty or if the charges are otherwise dismissed, the amount of the bail shall be promptly refunded to the defendant.

(c) Notwithstanding Division 10 (commencing with Section 1200) of the Evidence Code, the rules governing trials by written declaration may provide for testimony and other relevant evidence to be introduced in the form of a notice to appear issued pursuant to Section 40500, a business record or receipt, a sworn declaration of the arresting officer, or a written statement or letter signed by the defendant.

(d) If the defendant is dissatisfied with a decision of the court in a proceeding pursuant to this section, the defendant shall be granted a trial de novo.

-ref from www.dmv.ca.gov
Violating California driving and traffic laws can result in fines, the suspension of your driving privileges, and even imprisonment. The California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) uses a point system to track violations and their corresponding penalties. Points are added to your driving record if you receive a traffic ticket for moving violations.

MOVING VIOLATIONS AND POINTS Different violations are assigned different point values, which are added to your driving record. For instance, disobedience with traffic or fire officer, failure to observe traffic signals, driving in a bicycle lane and crossing a divided highway carry one point each. Two-point offenses include reckless driving, driving with a suspended license and speed contests. No individual is allowed to reach a speed beyond 65 on CA highways. The number of points assessed for different speeding violations are as follows:

Exceeding the maximum speed of 70 mph:1 point
Exceeding the maximum speed of 100 mph: 2 points


You will be subject to specific penalties if you accumulate a certain number of points on your driving license:
  1. You will have your license suspended if you accumulate certain points over a certain time period as noted above on your current driving record. A Class C license holder is said to be negligent and can have his license suspended if he has 4 or more points over a 12-month period, 6 or more points in a 24-month period, or 8 or more points in a 36-month period. A class A or B license holder may be allowed to carry 2 additional points. A commercial vehicle violation amounts to 1.5 times the points assigned. An under-18 driver may either have a 30-day restriction imposed if he accumulates 2 points over 12 months or face suspension for scoring 3 points in 12 months. When you accumulate 2 points in 12 months or 4 points in 24 months or 6 points in 36 months, a warning letter will be mailed to you. When you are one point short of suspension, a Notice of Intent to Suspend will be mailed to you. If it is suspended, an Order of Probation/Suspension will be sent to you. You may be imprisoned for driving with a suspended license.
  2. Accumulating points on your driving license is also likely to increase your auto insurance rates. See our auto insurance section for more information about obtaining quality car insurance at competitive rates.

The California DMV maintains a record of all the points added to your driving license. However, there are a number of ways in which you can remove points from your current driving record.

  1. If you remain violation or suspension-free, you can get points deducted from your current driving record. Points get negated after a certain time period as shown below
    • One points, and most two point violations, are negated after a three-year period.
    • However, if you fail to appear in court, they remain in your record for five years.
    • Failure to appear in court for a DUI will remain in court for ten years.
  2. Taking a Defensive Driving Course enables you to deduct points from your current driving record, and may also qualify you for a reduction in your car insurance rates.
  3. No points are deducted for pedestrian or bicyclist violations.

-Ref from California DMV website
1) California
California Law (Vehicle Code Section 40902) allows you to file trial by declaration.
2) Florida
In order to bypass a court appearance you must file an “Affidavit of Defense".
3) Hawaii
4) Indiana
In order to bypass a court appearance you must file an “Affidavit of Defense".
5) Louisiana
Contact the court to find out whether you are eligible.
6) Nebraska
Contact the court to find out whether you are eligible.
7) Ohio
Contact the court to find out whether you are eligible.
8) Oregon
As stated in the law, if requesting a trial by affidavit, the court must receive a signed statement from the defendant waiving the right to have the testimony presented orally in court.
9) Wyoming
Contact the court to find out whether you are eligible.

-Ref from  http://blog.motorists.org/.

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

-Ref from  http://blog.motorists.org/.

VC 12814.6 $214  Failure to obey license provisions.
VC 14600(A) $214 Failure to notify DMV of address change within 10 days.
Note: The fine may be reduced with valid proof of correction.
VC 16028(A) $796  Failure to provide evidence of financial responsibility (insurance).
Note: This fine may be reduced with proof of insurance on or after the violation date.
VC 21453(A)  $436 Failure to stop at a red signal.
VC 22349 $214 Unsafe speed,  1 to 15 miles over the limit.
VC 22350 $328  Unsafe speed, 16 to 25 miles over the limit.
VC 22450 $214 Failure to stop at a stop sign.
VC 22454(A) $616 Passing a school bus with flashing red signals.
VC 23123(A) $148  Driving while using a wireless phone not hands free, first offense.
VC 23123(B) $256 Driving while using a wireless phone not hands not free, each subsequent offense.
VC 23123.5  $148 Driving while using a wireless device to send, read or write text.
VC 23124 $148 Minor driving while using a wireless phone.
VC 22500
$976 Parking in a bus loading area.
VC 22507(A) $976 Violation of disabled parking provisions, first offense.
VC 22507(B) $1876 Violation of disabled parking provisions, second offense.
VC 26708 $178 Unlawful material on vehicle windows.
VC 27150 $178 Adequate muffler required.
VC 27315 $148  Mandatory use of seat belts.
VC 27360 $436 Mandatory use of passenger child restraints.
Note: This fine may be reduced by completing a court authorized child seat diversion program.
VC 27400 $178 Headsets or Earplugs covering both ears.
VC 27803 $178 Violation of motorcycle safety helmet requirements.
VC 34506 $616 Commercial Driver - Log book violation.
VC 4000 $256  No evidence of current registration. Note: The fine may be reduced with valid proof of  correction.
VC 4159 $178  Notify DMV of change of address within 10 days.
Note: The fine may be reduced with valid proof of correction.
VC 5200  $178 Proper display of license plates.
Note: The fine may be reduced with valid proof of correction.
VC 9400 $178 Commercial weight fees due.
Note: The fine may be reduced with valid proof of correction.